Over the previous two years, 4,747 migrants who arrived in Morocco with the dream of transferring to Europe turned again to return to their nation of origin. 56 The Sudanese have skilled this not too long ago.

Requests for return elevated after the tragedy on the finish of Melilla on June 24, the place twenty of their compatriots died in tragic circumstances. These are some statistics for 2021 and the primary ten months of 2022, supplied to EFE by the Worldwide Group for Migration (IOM), which manages voluntary returns in coordination with Morocco and international locations of origin.

Between 2021 and mid-December 2022, IOM helped 56 Sudanese return to Sudan voluntarily, 48 of whom did so throughout that 12 months. Nevertheless, not all of them are Sudanese, amongst a lot of volunteers returning to their homeland. In a big majority we discover emigrants of assorted nationalities corresponding to Ivorians, Guineans, Senegalese, Malians, in addition to Cameroonians amongst different sub-Saharans.

We discovered a rise within the variety of Sudanese making use of for voluntary return from 2021, with two small peaks: one from September to October 2021 and the opposite from June to September 2022. – defined the pinnacle of the EFE-OIM program, Jorge Dominguez De La Escasura. He goes on to elucidate that amongst “ the primary the explanation why these folks be part of the voluntary return program embody the dearth of alternatives in Morocco and the problem of integrating into the Kingdom “. Different causes are added to this finish of the migration path, together with the problem of crossing the border with Europe.

To start the voluntary return course of, which might take as much as 4 weeks, individuals should report back to IOM workplaces in Rabat, Casablanca or Oujda, in addition to to NGOs affiliated with this worldwide group, which is dependent upon the UN. IOM officers help registered non-passport holders to acquire secure conduct at their embassies that enable them to journey to and from their embassies. On the day of their return, IOM groups accompany them to Casablanca airport to find out their wants.

Over the previous two years, returnees from Sudan have obtained greater than 200 sorts of humanitarian help within the type of lodging, medical help and meals vouchers. Earlier than planning a voluntary return, IOM analyzes the scenario within the nation of vacation spot and whether or not the migrant can return to his nation in security and dignity. As soon as the candidates have arrived of their nation, the IOM workplaces and their varied companions start the second a part of this system, which is to offer particular person and collective help to the expatriate to reintegrate into society.

The thought is that they obtain assist to start out financial initiatives with out neglecting their very own social or medical wants “, the IOM consultant explains once more. Voluntary return is usually perceived as a failure, so the IOM, explains Domínguez, carries out outreach work with native communities to alter the stigmatizing discourse.’

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