Renewable power tasks, together with wind energy, are a mannequin of financial integration for southern Morocco and northern Mauritania. Though power has develop into a strategic driver of financial improvement, Morocco continues to be extremely depending on the worldwide power market, because it imports greater than 90% of its power wants.

To scale back its power dependence, Morocco adopted a brand new power technique in 2009 to extend the share of renewable power sources within the electrical energy combine to 52% by 2030. Its strategic location permits Morocco to be {an electrical} hub between Europe and Africa.

Whereas power safety has been a prime precedence for Morocco for the previous decade, the present excessive gasoline costs as a result of Russian-Ukrainian battle have considerably elevated nationwide power payments, underscoring the necessity for Morocco to undertake a extra autonomous power coverage.

The sustainable improvement portfolio is rising

Renewable power tasks in Morocco are attainable due to the creation of an acceptable legislative, regulatory and institutional framework. As Morocco continues to replace its power initiatives to make the renewable power sector extra engaging to non-public funding, it has develop into one of many leaders in renewable power in Africa, together with South Africa, the South and Egypt.

Morocco has additionally developed an built-in water desalination program that features renewable power energy crops, and a marine power roadmap is underway.

As southern Morocco enjoys an distinctive useful resource of renewable power, numerous wind tasks shall be developed on this area within the subsequent decade. Nevertheless, the transmission of this power within the heart of consumption requires the strengthening of the 400 kV AC community in southern Morocco and a corresponding improve within the transit capability of this community.

District electrical connection

As for Mauritania, the rise in electrical energy consumption has prompted West African nations to pay extra consideration to the event of electrical energy era from renewable sources. By 2030, wind expertise plans to provide 129 MW in Mauritania.

Since 1997, the Moroccan nationwide electrical energy grid has been linked to the Spanish one, its continental reference to the Mauritanian nationwide electrical energy grid will signify a regional mannequin of electrical energy integration that can contribute to the financial improvement of Atlantic Africa. Mauritania shares comparable wind assets with southern Morocco, particularly within the northern coastal zone. The wind capability put in in Mauritania is 34.4 MW.

Subsequently, renewable power tasks, together with wind power, can function a mannequin for inexperienced power integration in southern Morocco and northern Mauritania.

Wind potential

The examine of wind velocity and the evaluation of wind potential in a given space depend upon the interval and interval of measurements, and due to this fact on the amplitude and nature of the change in wind velocity. For instance, for the Tangier web site in northern Morocco, the wind potential evaluation requires 4 wind velocity measurements per day (midnight, 6 am, 12 pm, and 6 pm) over a minimal of 9 years.

In southern Morocco, August and July are the windiest months for El Ayoun and Dakhla with month-to-month averages of seven.67 m/s and 10.12 m/s respectively. For Layayun, the utmost velocity is 34 m/s, and for Dakhla – 27 m/s. Wind velocity variation is extra common (secure) for the Dakhla web site.

For the Moroccan village of Lagueira, June is the windiest month, with common day by day wind speeds starting from 7.9 m/s to 10.7 m/s over 27 days. Nevertheless, in December, the windiest month, solely 5 days however 19 days have a mean velocity between 5.4 m/s and seven.9 m/s.

In a lot of the places thought-about, the wind velocity is robust in the course of the day and reaches a most round 16:00 native time, and turns into weak at night time. The distinction between daytime and nighttime wind speeds is principally as a result of impact of the gradual improve in temperature in the course of the day on the Atlantic coast, inflicting the native winds (sea/land breeze) to affix the Azores winds.

Out there wind potential is larger for the Dakhla websites in southern Morocco and Nouadhibou in northern Mauritania, the place a 100 MW wind farm shall be put in. For Dakhla, at 10 m, the annual imply accessible wind potential is the very best (P=462 W/m2), virtually double that of Laayoune and 4 occasions that of Tan Tan.

Electrical energy (wind)

In 2021, the entire wind power capability in Morocco was 1,350 MW. Greater than 60% (757.3 MW) are positioned in southern Morocco. Morocco’s Tarfaya wind farm (301.3 MW), put in in 2014, stays the biggest wind farm in Africa. The full wind capability in Mauritania is 34.4 MW. The primary park with a capability of 4.4 MW was put in in Nouakchott in 2011.

For southern Morocco and northern Mauritania, wind power is a aggressive power various to petroleum merchandise for the following era of electrical energy.

Wind power, an vital issue for financial integration

Renewable power tasks, together with wind energy, are a mannequin of financial integration for southern Morocco and northern Mauritania. The event of wind power has vital financial and social implications for the area and can assist each nations develop into regional leaders in renewable power.

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